Enterprise Mitigations

Mitigations represent security concepts and classes of technologies that can be used to prevent a technique or sub-technique from being successfully executed.

Mitigations: 43
ID Name Description
M1036 Account Use Policies Configure features related to account use like login attempt lockouts, specific login times, etc.
M1015 Active Directory Configuration Configure Active Directory to prevent use of certain techniques; use SID Filtering, etc.
M1049 Antivirus/Antimalware Use signatures or heuristics to detect malicious software.
M1013 Application Developer Guidance This mitigation describes any guidance or training given to developers of applications to avoid introducing security weaknesses that an adversary may be able to take advantage of.
M1048 Application Isolation and Sandboxing Restrict execution of code to a virtual environment on or in transit to an endpoint system.
M1047 Audit Perform audits or scans of systems, permissions, insecure software, insecure configurations, etc. to identify potential weaknesses.
M1040 Behavior Prevention on Endpoint Use capabilities to prevent suspicious behavior patterns from occurring on endpoint systems. This could include suspicious process, file, API call, etc. behavior.
M1046 Boot Integrity Use secure methods to boot a system and verify the integrity of the operating system and loading mechanisms.
M1045 Code Signing Enforce binary and application integrity with digital signature verification to prevent untrusted code from executing.
M1043 Credential Access Protection Use capabilities to prevent successful credential access by adversaries; including blocking forms of credential dumping.
M1053 Data Backup Take and store data backups from end user systems and critical servers. Ensure backup and storage systems are hardened and kept separate from the corporate network to prevent compromise.
M1057 Data Loss Prevention Use a data loss prevention (DLP) strategy to categorize sensitive data, identify data formats indicative of personal identifiable information (PII), and restrict exfiltration of sensitive data.
M1042 Disable or Remove Feature or Program Remove or deny access to unnecessary and potentially vulnerable software to prevent abuse by adversaries.
M1055 Do Not Mitigate This category is to associate techniques that mitigation might increase risk of compromise and therefore mitigation is not recommended.
M1041 Encrypt Sensitive Information Protect sensitive information with strong encryption.
M1039 Environment Variable Permissions Prevent modification of environment variables by unauthorized users and groups.
M1038 Execution Prevention Block execution of code on a system through application control, and/or script blocking.
M1050 Exploit Protection Use capabilities to detect and block conditions that may lead to or be indicative of a software exploit occurring.
M1037 Filter Network Traffic Use network appliances to filter ingress or egress traffic and perform protocol-based filtering. Configure software on endpoints to filter network traffic.
M1035 Limit Access to Resource Over Network Prevent access to file shares, remote access to systems, unnecessary services. Mechanisms to limit access may include use of network concentrators, RDP gateways, etc.
M1034 Limit Hardware Installation Block users or groups from installing or using unapproved hardware on systems, including USB devices.
M1033 Limit Software Installation Block users or groups from installing unapproved software.
M1032 Multi-factor Authentication Use two or more pieces of evidence to authenticate to a system; such as username and password in addition to a token from a physical smart card or token generator.
M1031 Network Intrusion Prevention Use intrusion detection signatures to block traffic at network boundaries.
M1030 Network Segmentation Architect sections of the network to isolate critical systems, functions, or resources. Use physical and logical segmentation to prevent access to potentially sensitive systems and information. Use a DMZ to contain any internet-facing services that should not be exposed from the internal network. Configure separate virtual private cloud (VPC) instances to isolate critical cloud systems.
M1028 Operating System Configuration Make configuration changes related to the operating system or a common feature of the operating system that result in system hardening against techniques.
M1027 Password Policies Set and enforce secure password policies for accounts.
M1056 Pre-compromise This category is used for any applicable mitigation activities that apply to techniques occurring before an adversary gains Initial Access, such as Reconnaissance and Resource Development techniques.
M1026 Privileged Account Management Manage the creation, modification, use, and permissions associated to privileged accounts, including SYSTEM and root.
M1025 Privileged Process Integrity Protect processes with high privileges that can be used to interact with critical system components through use of protected process light, anti-process injection defenses, or other process integrity enforcement measures.
M1029 Remote Data Storage Use remote security log and sensitive file storage where access can be controlled better to prevent exposure of intrusion detection log data or sensitive information.
M1022 Restrict File and Directory Permissions Restrict access by setting directory and file permissions that are not specific to users or privileged accounts.
M1044 Restrict Library Loading Prevent abuse of library loading mechanisms in the operating system and software to load untrusted code by configuring appropriate library loading mechanisms and investigating potential vulnerable software.
M1024 Restrict Registry Permissions Restrict the ability to modify certain hives or keys in the Windows Registry.
M1021 Restrict Web-Based Content Restrict use of certain websites, block downloads/attachments, block Javascript, restrict browser extensions, etc.
M1054 Software Configuration Implement configuration changes to software (other than the operating system) to mitigate security risks associated to how the software operates.
M1020 SSL/TLS Inspection Break and inspect SSL/TLS sessions to look at encrypted web traffic for adversary activity.
M1019 Threat Intelligence Program A threat intelligence program helps an organization generate their own threat intelligence information and track trends to inform defensive priorities to mitigate risk.
M1051 Update Software Perform regular software updates to mitigate exploitation risk.
M1052 User Account Control Configure Windows User Account Control to mitigate risk of adversaries obtaining elevated process access.
M1018 User Account Management Manage the creation, modification, use, and permissions associated to user accounts.
M1017 User Training Train users to be aware of access or manipulation attempts by an adversary to reduce the risk of successful spearphishing, social engineering, and other techniques that involve user interaction.
M1016 Vulnerability Scanning Vulnerability scanning is used to find potentially exploitable software vulnerabilities to remediate them.